Cocaine

Snorted, smoked or injected, Cocaine is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream. Acute tolerance develops quickly. This, along with the drug’s strong reinforcement properties, makes it highly addictive.

Signs of Intoxication:

In low doses:

  • Feelings of well being and elation soon followed by anxiety
  • Depression and paranoia

In high doses:

  • Rapid respiration
  • Loss of coordination
  • Anxiety and paranoia
  • Onset of tremors, nausea
  • Convulsion
  • Seizures

Withdrawal Symptoms:

  • Sleep and eating disorders
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Cravings for the drug
  • Impulsive and compulsive behaviour
  • Malnutrition

Effects:

Mind & Behaviour: Delusion, sleep deprivation, depression, anxiety disorders, paranoia, violent behaviour, altered perception of reality which can lead to aggressive behaviour; violent psychotic disorders which could last days or weeks after the drug has been stopped..
Heart & Blood: Rapid or irregular heartbeat, hypertension, constricted blood vessels and arteries. In large doses: ruptured blood vessels: may cause death due to heart attack or cardiac failure.
Central Nervous System: Directly stimulated.
Brain: Constricted blood vessels and decreased blood flow to some brain areas can lead to tissue damage, stroke, hemorrhage and permanent brain damaged.
Nose: Injury to nasal passages from snorting.
Lungs: Lung abnormalities and edema (excess watery fluid). Respiratory depression which can cause death.
Liver: Danger of liver failure; high incidence of hepatitis in intravenous users due to unsterile/shared needles.
Kidneys: Damage, failure.
Gastrointestinal System: Abdominal difficulties which may require surgery; damaged tract.
Bones & Muscles: Rhabdomyloysis (potentially fatal disease destroying skeletal muscle).
Sexual Organs: Sexual dysfunction is common in heavy users.
Fetus: Decreased oxygen supply, spontaneous abortion, premature labor, stillborns, low birth weight, hemorrhage, brain and heart abnormalities, malformations. Increased risk of sudden infant death; abnormal behaviour in infants and children; growth retardation.
Other Risks: Risk of diseases transmitted by unsterile or shared needles (hepatitis, AIDS); risks of chronic heart and connective tissue diseases; risks of severe weight loss and malnutrition due to decreased appetite.

Crack or Rock

crack2Free-based, alkalinized cocaine. Smoked, users face greater risks of dying suddenly. Produces intense euphoria, followed within minutes by “CRASH”. Leads to frequent dosing and very rapid addiction.