Like glue, volatile solvents and aerosols easily pass through the blood-brain barrier, altering mood. Even minute doses can lead to disorientation, muscular weakness, possible hallucinations and loss of consciousness.


Signs of Intoxication: 

  • Giddiness
  • Impulsiveness
  • Irritability
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Rapid disorientation
  • Light headedness
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Progressive drowsiness and loss of coordination

Withdrawal Symptoms:

  • Irritability
  • Agitation
  • Increased heart rate


Mind & Behaviour: Misperceptions, clouding of thought, possible amnesia, violent outbursts, emotional instability, depression, general anxiety.
Central Nervous System: May cause nerve damage leading to numbness and tremors.
Heart & Blood: Threatening irregular heartbeat, chest pain; development of lifelong anaemia.
Brain: High risk of permanent brain damage.
Lungs: Cough, possible impairment of lung function.
Liver: Possible damage or liver failure.
Kidneys: Kidney damage or failure with chronic use.
Muscles: Muscle and joint aches; limb spasms, bone, marrow damage.
Fetus: Severe toxicities to fetus, resulting in physical and or mental damage.
Other Risks: Eyes: Irritation, light sensitivity, double vision. Nose: Irritation, sneezing, runny nose. Mouth: Irritation. Ears: Ringing; hearing loss